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Nepal , a place of harmony and peace among diverse communities: Hinduism followed by Buddhism, constitute two major religion of Nepal. Both these religious believers are bound together by a sense of fellow feeling which is displayed in their worship of common deities and joint celebration of many festivals belonging to either religion or culture. Kumari, the living Hindu Goddess, for instance, is selected from a Buddhist clan and worshipped by Hindus. Although majority of population is Hindu followed by Buddhists population, Nepal is a secular country and all religious faiths receive equal treatment and protection from the State. This gives and ample example of harmony among religions, which our world badly needs today.
Birth place of the Apostle of Peace, Living cultural Museum, Shangri-La, Roof of the World, Country of Living Goddess, City of Golden Pagodas & parasols, Nature amphitheatre, Melting pot of Hinduism & Buddhism, Land of Mysticism & Exoticism, Land of non-stop festivals are among the names given by travel writers, frequent visitors, trekkers, mountaineers, pilgrims and many others in admiration and praise of Nepal. The most exhilarating titles with which Nepal has been admired and praised are explicit and self-explanatory as to the beauty of this country. Nepal is in fact conferred with an amazing diversity of natural beauty and a subsequent richness of cultural heritage.
It is noteworthy that the holy place where Lord BUDDHA was born in 623 B.C. now bears a landmark stone pillar bearing an inscription stating Sakyamuni Buddha was born here. Important historical sites around Lumbini are (1) Kapilvastu, (2) Ramgrama (3) Nighlihawa (4) Tilaurakot, actual capital of Kapilvastu and the home of the father of Lord Buddha where the Prince of Peace and harmony spent the first 29 years of his princely life. (5) Kudan- located some 4.5 kms. south of Tilaurakot is a mound of structural ruins. This is where the father of Lord Buddha met his son for the first time after he returned from cosmic enlightenment. (6) Gotihawa- located about 3 kms. southwest of Taulihawa is the birthplace and the place of Nirvana of Krakuchhanda Buddha who came before Shakyamuni Buddha (7) Devdaha- 54 kms. east of Lumbini across the Rohini river. This is where Prince Siddhartha spent his childhood. Seven years after his enlightenment Lord Buddha visited Devdaha and ordained followers of Jain Sadhu Nirgrantha Nathputra.
Kathmandu valley civilisation is over 3000 years old. Nepal's history claims that the valley was a large pond in the early geological period. Water from the pond was drained and the valley became suitable for human settlement. There is also a legend which reinforces the tale that a Bodhisatva called Manjushree came to Kathmandu valley and made a gorge by cutting land mass in Chobhar, South of Kathmandu valley, with his flaming sword and drained the water out of the valley. The valley emerged from a pond had been very fertile and supported large settlement. Over centuries different dynasties that ruled the valley patronised an urban civilisation and developed rich cultural heritages. Gopalas, Mahispalas, Kiratas, Lichchavis (185-750AD) Mallas and Shah were the ruling dynasties in various period of Nepal's history. Lichchavi period is known as the golden period of Nepal's history. During this period art and architect and culture began to take shape and flourish. Lichchavis built many splendid temples, palaces and monuments. Malla and Early Shah Period between 14th to 18th centuries are famous for the flourishing of art and architect of the valley. Pagoda, Shikara and Stupa architecture, flamboyant palaces and artistic temples took their height in this period. Ancient cities of Kathmandu, Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur of the valley are also known as cities of temples.
Considering the richness of the cultural heritages of the Valley UNESCO has designated eight of the monuments as World Heritage Sites These are Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Pashupatinath Temple, Swayambhunath Stupa, Boudanath Stupa, Changu Narayan Temple, Nyatapol Temple. These sites have now become the prominent places of tourist interest. The historical monuments of the world heritage sites of Kathmandu valley have added to the beauty of the valley. These heritage sites situated within 20 kilometers radius itself is something that such richness is hard to find elsewhere.
Nepal's GDP grew by 4.0 per cent in 2009, after 4.7 per cent growth the previous calendar year. Inflation in 2009 was 13.2 per cent. Average annual population growth over the past decade was 2.3 per cent.Over 80 per cent of the economically active........... More »
Government has taken steps to restructure the economy by introducing measures such as tax reform, massive privatisation of public enterprises, dismantling Investment & Trade barriers, liberalising the foreign exchange system................................. More »
Nepal became a member of World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2004, the first least-developed country (LDC) to join the WTO through the full working party process and is in process to amend or adopt certain laws and regulations consistent........... More »